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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 25, 2022 2:00am-2:30am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — i'm david eades. our top stories. mounting pressure on iran as the un human rights council votes for an international investigation into the violent suppression of protests in the country. as ukraine works to restore power supplies — the first lady tells the bbc her country will battle on. at times it is extremely hard, but then we find new emotions which help us to keep going. nurses in parts of the uk are the latest to announce strike action as the country has one of its biggest days of labour unrest. portugal's cristiano ronaldo becomes the first man to score at five world cups and we look ahead to friday's matches as — england take on the usa and wales face iran. welcome to our viewers on pbs
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in america and around the globe the un human rights council has approved an international probe into iran's violent crackdown on protesters. the vote approving the fact finding mission was passed by 25 to 6, with 16 member states abstaining. the un says more than 300 people have been killed and thousands arrested since protests began. the bbc�*s az—a—day moshiri reports. children are being killed. like this nine—year—old. shot dead by security forces. words have now become
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people cry amongst iranians. united nations human rights council said the situation in iran is now critical. the unnecessary and disproportionate use of force must come to an end. the old methods and the fortress mentality of those who wield power simply don't work. in fact, they only aggravate the situation. we are now in a full fledged human rights crisis. its members have approved an international fact—finding mission to investigate the crackdown despite a run�*s and diplomats fighting hard to block it. the maccabees once again by arrogant states that antagonise states. it is committed to protecting human rights.
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it took months of pressure on world leaders to get here. the killing of children, that is something that has really upset us. the killing of children and we are here for all the people they have been killing for 43 years. this investigation could help catalogue abuses by security forces. evidence could then be used in international courts to hold the government accountable. students are still demanding the release of their classmates. families are baking officials for the bodies of the dead. the regime is taking desperate measures. the people of iran are still risking their lives ever since the death of a 22—year—old in police custody. protesters are banking on world powers supporting them.
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we can now speak iranian human rights activist sussan tahmasebi who's director of femena, a feminist movement advocating for women's rights in the middle east and north africa. in the middle east and north thank in the middle east and north you forjoining us. it's ha rd thank you forjoining us. it's hard to imagine in the short term the announcement of an international investigation going to make much difference. how significant do you think this movie is?— this movie is? well, think it is very significant _ this movie is? well, think it is very significant and - this movie is? well, think it is very significant and are i is very significant and are very important move. there is an important mechanism to try to investigate and document human rights abuses so that they can be used in court cases so in this sense it is critical and important to take to trial perpetrators that are identified through the mechanism. i hope that it has an impact on those people who are carrying out these gross
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violations against irani and citizens that perhaps it will force them to step back and not be as violent. as you know, probably, we have had a lot of violence in iran with the security forces trying to quell protests, over18,000 security forces trying to quell protests, over 18,000 people have been jailed. protests, over 18,000 people have beenjailed. nearly a50 persons have been killed. 63 of them children and disproportionately, the minority, ethnic minority regions of kurdistan, the kurdish regions and cities have faced a lot of violence and nearly half of the people who have been killed come from these two ethnic group so it is critical that perhaps they will have some impact on the behaviour of the security forces in the short term, not just long—term, that they hold and the killings of iranians. will look at the ethnic element injust a moment but it
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will look at the ethnic element in just a moment but it will be very difficult, won't it, to establish the facts. this is a fact—finding mission but on the ground that is no straightforward exercise. ground that is no strai . htforward exercise. ~ straightforward exercise. well, i'm not sure — straightforward exercise. well, i'm not sure how— straightforward exercise. well, i'm not sure how difficult - straightforward exercise. well, i'm not sure how difficult it - i'm not sure how difficult it will be. there are a lot of videos coming through that i think are important and critical and this is how the news has been getting out all of this time. citizen journalists have played a critical role and they are human rights networks doing documentation and i think in that sense it will be very important. the international community has documented human rights violations not only iran but other countries where it does not have access and i think that is important. they have done wonderfuljob in terms of identifying perpetrators, judges, security agents and officials who are ordering or carrying out these violations so i think it will be difficult if they don't have an opportunity to go to a run
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but it is definitely not an impossible and with the work of the iranians ground it will be very possible to identify. the messages — very possible to identify. the messages of _ very possible to identify. the messages of the _ very possible to identify. the messages of the numbers of ethnic minority protesters who are being targeted is obviously very worrying. can you draw any optimism from the scale of protests from people and indeed the direction in which some of the direction in which some of the suppression is coming from. it is clear there are many different bodies prepared still to get out and have their say. the irani and security forces has to turn especially in kurdistan where it looks like a war zone. there is military rule in many of the cities. people are not allowed out after dark. people who are injured are in desperate need of medical care by people who are willing to help them, citizens willing to help them are not allowed to enter those
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cities, they have to have tax in different cities. are turn to that area and i think it is important to keep that in mind that parts of iran have turned into literally a war zone and it is the irani and stayed in the irg sea carrying out war against their own citizens are the iranians have tried to frame this as an ethnic issue, separatist issue but really, the protest at national, they are not sectarian, and i think it is important to keep that in this false narrative of the irani and state. and i think in that sense the fact that despite the irani and security forces trying to quash the protest they've still continued and they have that national characteristic.— and they have that national characteristic. thank you very much indeed. _ thank you very much indeed. as russia's war in ukraine heads into a harsh winter, president zelensky has repeatedly called for the world's help in his nightly address. now, the first lady,
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0lena zelenska, is taking on a more public role. for the bbc�*s 100 women series, our chief international correspondent, lyse doucet, spoke to mrs zelenska — and she began by asking how ukrainians will cope with the added pressure of power blackouts.
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when was the last time your family sat down and had dinner together?
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family sat down ini had dinner family sat down in public, nner tog often do, you say a you often do, you say a daughter, mother, woman, first lady. and you once said i lady. and yet, you once said i prefer to remain backstage. and now the first lady of ukraine is on a global stage. how hard was it to take on a role you didn't want?
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do you and the president sometimes disagree on what role you should play? us congress in july? are you worried about giving
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away some ukrainian land? the full interview with ukraine's first lady and international correspondent is available on iplayer in the uk and will will run on bbc world news over the course of the
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weekend. stay with us. coming up weekend. stay with us. coming up in a moment, you can get yourfull up in a moment, you can get your full world up in a moment, you can get yourfull world cup fixes up in a moment, you can get your full world cup fixes this man breaks a few more records. we will also look ahead to friday's big games. president kennedy was shot down and died almost immediately. the murder ofjohn kennedy is a disaster for the whole free world. he caught the imagination of the world, the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party and prime minister. before leaving number ten to see the queen, attempts to fly a hot air -
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balloon had to be abandoned we need, it's hard cash. castro developed close ties with the soviet union in the 1960s. it was an alliance that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war with the cuban missile crisis. this is bbc news, our main headlines. the united nations' human rights council has ordered a probe into the violent suppression of women's rights protesters in iran. ukraine's first lady, 0lena zelenska tells the bbc�*s her country is prepared to endure further power cuts. tens of thousands of workers in the uk have taken part in a day of strike action, angry about their pay and conditions at a time of inflation and financial uncertainty. 0ur education editor branwenjeffreys takes a look at the university strike.
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0n picket lines at almost every university in the uk, from cardiff to belfast, lecturers on strike, wanting better pay, more secure jobs... ..whether in glasgow or manchester, where morgan, teaching while he studies for a phd, spoke to me. i'm not prepared to struggle for years and years on end. the students deserve staff who are feeling secure, who are feeling confident in their work, who can get to know the students over a long period of time and teach them properly. i don't feel like i can give that if i'm on a contract that's three or six months. what do we want? equal pay! when do we want to? now! at his level, pay is up to £16,000. the strength of feeling on picket lines is about issues that have been brewing in universities for many years, about work that feels increasingly insecure and casual and university staff who are seeing their pay being left behind by inflation.
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students have already had their education disrupted by covid. now, more strikes in this long—running dispute. i think if it was nearer the end of the year, or even at the beginning, injanuary, it would be a lot worse for students. i understand why they're doing it. i it would be nice if we could - get reimbursed for some ways. this person is sympathetic but told me students have had a raw deal. as a paying customer, ifeel like i'm not supported enough by the university. and sometimes, in times like this, i really feel alone, because, as i said, there are so many disruptions. so, when i sat down with the union leader, i asked, "why should students put up with more disruption?" they shouldn't have to put up with this, but staff shouldn't have to put up with 25% pay cuts. what are you asking for now? so we are asking for a lot more than the 3% they have offered. in a cost—of—living crisis, that doesn't touch the sides. if employers meaningfully
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addressed casualisation and employed people properly and prevented people working at burnout levels, we could talk about pay. the union argues there is a deal to be done. universities say money is tight. in england, fees are stilljust over £9,000. that was set ten, 11 years ago and hasn't moved. so, we really don't have the headroom to continue to support pay awards that are way, way, way above what we can afford. while negotiations will chew over these issues, universities say they'll try to limit the impact on students of strikes. branwen jeffreys, bbc news, manchester. and nurses in parts of the uk have become the latest group to announce strike action. the royal college of nursing announced its members will stage their first ever national walk out on december 15th and 20th. the union said the government turned down its offer of formal talks.
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the strikes will take place in england, wales and northern ireland. in scotland, pay talk continue. african leaders have declared a cessation of hostilities in eastern democratic republic of congo, set to come into force on friday evening. the aim is to end the conflict between congolese troops and m23 rebels. we should warn you — this report by richard kagoe reports contains flashing imagery. african leaders met in angola on wednesday to discuss the security situation in eastern drc amidst rising tensions. the first talks raised by the president. severalto first talks raised by the president. several to do with my heads of state attended the meetings summit. the rwandan meeting's summit. the rwandan president skipped the meeting but was represented by the
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foreign affairs minister. clashes in eastern drc ignited a diplomatic row, and rwanda were accused of supporting the rebel group. an agreement was reached for the immediate ceasefire in the drc. the summit _ ceasefire in the drc. the summit decided - ceasefire in the drc. the summit decided the - ceasefire in the drc. tue: summit decided the following, the cessation of hostilities in general and in particular, of the attacks against, as of friday 25th of november. all urou -s friday 25th of november. all groups have until friday evening to lay down their arms and move from occupied areas. the 23 group assesses territory and the recent months has been edging towards the provincial capital. the summit resolved to use original forces to compel
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rebels to disarm should they defy the ultimatum. the also called for military support for armed groups. kenyan troops are riding the area recently will be deployed to areas occupied by rebels. they will support the mission based there for more than 20 years. the summit also recommended the resumption of talks between rebels and other groups. this conflict has affected hundreds of thousands of people have fled their homes since it's for surgeons earlier this year. the portuguese striker cristiano ronaldo has hailed his feat in becoming the first man to score at five world cups — as a "beautiful moment". after portugal's three— two victory over ghana, ronaldo told reporters that he felt very proud of his record, but evaded questions about his rift with manchester united.
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lucy hockings has sent us this report from doha. a match that really stood out to me was the one between portugal and ghana today. ghana is the lowest ranked team here at the world cup, and it is fair to say that portugal is probably one of the favourites to progress for sure. we had a really uneventful first half, and then the second half was full of drama, excitement and definitely goals as well. five goals were scored in the second half, the first coming in the way of a penalty from no other of course than cristiano ronaldo, who became the first man to score at five world cups. he was playing for the first time since his controversial interview about his time at manchester united and of course his subsequent release from the club. i've been speaking to jeremy darlow, the former director of marketing at adidas, about ronaldo's star power and his value. i mean, there is really nobody in his stratosphere, honestly. i think everybody saw that he reached half a billion followers on instagram recently. i mean, who has done that? nobody. the kind of value that he brings as an influencer right
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now is one—of—a—kind. you know, you think about the next club that he goes to, the next league that he goes to... i'm in the united states, worth talking about maybe having him here in the mls. imagine bringing 500 million people to your brand. it is an astronomical number that can change the fortunes of not only a club but a business. a national holiday was declared in saudi arabia when they beat argentina, one of the biggest upsets that we have seen in world cup history. the saudi fan park is right near where we are. there have been thousands of saudis who have travelled here with tickets to come and watch the matches. dan also asked the saudi sports
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minister about whether this was going to affect their bid for the world cup in 2030. the world cup in saudi arabia, how realistic a prospect is that? why not? who wouldn't want to host the world cup? you know, we host a lot of events in the region. any country, i think, in the world would love to host the world cup. and it is an amazing tournament. you know, beautiful competition that you see, surprises sometimes, and it is good for every country to host such an event. let's look ahead to friday's action, where the hosts qatar are back in action, this time against senegal. netherlands versus ecuador, wales taking on iran, and england will be hoping to continue their winning form against the usa. the former england internationaljermaine jenas has told me that his hopes and his expectations are high. look, i think england, given how well they performed in that first game, it's hard for the expectations not to be high. i think coming into the tournament, it was a bit doom—and—gloom.
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their performances failed to deliver, really. but it was free—flowing, it was expansive, it was open, it was goals, it was everything that we know these players can do on a weekly basis because they show us themselves doing it at club level, so it was great to see them put it all together. i don't see anything other than an england win against usa. i think they are going to be maybe tough to break down, they are a very fit team with a bit of quality here and there, but having watched them against wales, they've got a lot of work to do themselves so i really fancy england to go and get a positive result again. you may remember yesterday we gave you the preparations for thanksgiving in the us. things were kicked off with a bit of a seasonal sing—along. who else but mariah carey, performing all i want
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for christmas is you. hello. it's already been an exceptionally wet month, some places breaking record. but again, nearly an inch of rain fell in some parts on thursday along with some really gusty winds. aberdaron on the llyn peninsula, nearly 80 mile an hour, those gusts of wind. even in bridlington, 67 miles an hour. the gusts on this particular weather front, which we call a squally weather front, those winds very squally with the rain pushing through. lots of showers, though, have been following on behind to northern and western areas through the night. still gale force winds here, butjust a little chilly where the winds have eased a little and the shower activity has as we head towards dawn. for the day ahead, it looks drier, brighter, plenty more sunshine than we saw on thursday, but still lots of showers, particularly in the north and west and particularly
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of scotland, with gales across the northern and western isles, across the highlands as well. still with hail and thunder here and some snow over the hills and mountains, but fewer showers, less heavy elsewhere. 12 to 1a, slightly less windy, so feeling more pleasant out and about. but then through saturday night, it turns quite chilly. we could see a touch of frost, a little bit of patchy mist and fog as well. and further north and west, yes, more rain to come as we head into the weekend. now, it looks as if it'll be initially, for western and northern areas, with the ridge of high pressure holding on in eastern areas for the start of saturday. so the rain may not arrive here until after dark for east anglia and the south—east. but for most, it'll be cloudier with some hill fog, strong winds again returning, potentially gales in southern and western areas. heavy rain here as well. these are the gusts of wind, as you can see, through the day on saturday. so another blustery old day, but mild. temperatures about 12 to 1a celsius. even in the north, 11 and 12, so well above where they should be for this time of year.
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and a mild night will follow because that rain will push steadily eastwards but become slow—moving, potentially, we think, across southern and eastern areas. and that's the question mark, really, for the weekend, how quickly that rain clears away. it could stagnate in the south and east for a time and then showers follow on behind. once again, it will be another relatively mild day. not quite as for saturday, but still 11 to 13 celsius. and we keep a showery picture as we move into the beginning of the new week. but midweek onwards, potentially something a little drier but colder.
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this is bbc news. the headlines... the united nations has ordered an international probe into iran's suppression of women's rights protests. it said iran was facing a fully— fledged human rights crisis. three hundred people are thought to have been killed in the crackdown. the protests began more than 8 weeks ago. ukraine's first lady 0lena zelenskay tells the bbc that her country was ready to endure major rolling power cuts from russian missile attacks. speaking to the bbc as part of the bbc�*s 100 women series, 0lena zelenska says ukrainians believe the only way to achieve peace was to win the war. nurses in parts of the uk are the latest to announce strike action. their union announced its first ever walk out on december 15 th
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and 20th in england, wales and northern ireland.

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